Ocarinas can be made from many different materials.
Clay ocarinas are the most abundant type of ocarina. Various types of clay are used to make ocarinas.
Clay ocarinas may be glazed, painted, lacquered, or left unglazed.
Many different types of wood can be used to make a wooden ocarina. Common woods include, walnut, bloodwood, coccobolo, etc.
Plastic ocarinas are known for their relative indestructibility making them a popular choice for younger children or for those worried about breaking their ocarina while traveling.
Several types of plastic are commonly used such as polycarbonate, corian, etc.
Ocarinas made of metal are typically made of aluminum.